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Solar power harnesses the energy from the sun to generate electricity through the use of solar thermal systems. Solar power is a clean and sustainable energy source with the potential to play a significant role in reducing dependence on fossil fuels and mitigating climate change.

Photovoltaic Cells (Solar Panels):

  • Function: Photovoltaic cells convert sunlight directly into electricity through the photovoltaic effect. When sunlight strikes the cells, it excites electrons, generating an electric current.
Installing photovoltaic panels on the roof” by U.S. Department of Energy/ CC0 1.0

Solar Thermal Systems:

  • Function: Solar thermal systems use mirrors or lenses to concentrate sunlight onto a small area, generating heat. This heat is then used to produce steam, which drives turbines to generate electricity.

Solar Farms:

  • Large-Scale Installations: Solar farms consist of multiple solar panels arranged in arrays over large areas, often in locations with ample sunlight.
  • Community Solar: Shared solar installations that allow multiple individuals or businesses to benefit from solar power without installing panels on their property.

Solar-Powered Water Pumping:

  • Agricultural and Rural Applications: Solar-powered pumps use energy from the sun to lift water for irrigation or domestic use, especially in off-grid areas.

Solar power offers a sustainable, scalable, and environmentally friendly solution to meet growing energy demands. Continued advancements in technology, increased efficiency, and reduced costs contribute to the widespread adoption of solar energy around the world.